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彩搜网 > 行业资讯 > 浅谈我国古建筑发展及仿古建筑设计

浅谈我国古建筑发展及仿古建筑设计

作者:gzjyauto.com 时间:2020-01-11 08:39:20 来源:原创

一、我国古建筑的发展历程

WOGUOGUDAIJIANZHUDEFAZHANDAZHIJINGLILEYUANSHISHEHUI、NULISHEHUI、YIJIFENGJIANSHEHUIDEZAO、ZHONG、WANWUGELISHIJIEDUAN,ZAIFENGJIANNULISHEHUISHIQI,MUGOUJIAZHUJIANCHENGWEIZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHUZHULIU,SUIZHEGONGYUAN5SHIJIZUOYOUJIANZHUJISHUDEZHANGZUFAZHAN,JIANZHUYISHUXINGTAIRIJIANCHENGSHU,ZHIHANDAISHI,ZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHUDEYIXIEDIANXINGTEZHENGYIJIBENXINGCHENG,ERHOUJINGGUO500DUONIANDEFAZHANYANBIAN,ZHITANGSONGSHIDAIZHONGGUOGUDAIJIANZHUFAZHANDAOLETADEDINGFENG,DAOFENGJIANWANQIDEMINGQINGSHIDAI,ZHONGGUOGUJIANZHUZAIMOUXIEFANGMIANGENGQUWANMEI,ZHUMINGDEHUANGJIAYUANLINYOUYUANMINGYUAN、YIHEYUAN、BEIHAI、CHENGDEBISHUSHANZHUANGDENG,SIJIAYUANLINZEYIJIANGNANDESUZHOU、YANGZHOUDENGDIZUIWEIXINGSHENG,MINGYUANJIAZUOBUSHENGMEIJU。CIWAI,ZAIMINGQINGSHIDAI,ZHONGGUOGESHAOSHUMINZUDEJIANZHUYEYOULEXIANGDANGDEFAZHAN,XIANCUNDEZHUMINGJIANZHUYOUXIZANGDE“BUDALAGONG”、RIKAZEDE“ZHASHILUNBUSI”,YIJIYUNNANDAIZUDE“MIANSI”、GUIZHOUDONGZUDE“FENGYUQIAO”DENGDENG,XINGCHENGLEGEZUJIANZHUQUNFANGTUYAN、YICAIFENCHENGDEXIANXIANG。

二、仿古建筑的基本定义

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aJIANZHUWUBIXUCUNZAIYIXIASANGEBUFEN,JITAIJI、WUSHENYIJIWUDING,ERQIEJIANZHUWUDEZHUTIBUFENDEWUDINGBIXUSHICHUANTONGXINGSHI。

彩搜网 bTAIJI、WUSHENYIJIWUDINGZHIJIANDEBILIBIXUYUGUJIANZHUWUDEBILIXIANGJIEJIN。

彩搜网 cJIANZHUWUDEWAIGUANYAOZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGNENGGOUFANYINGGUJIANZHUDEJIEGOUTEZHENGJIZHUANGSHIFENGGE。

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三、仿古建筑物的特点及设计要求

1、FANGGUJIANZHUWUDETEDIAN

1)ZHUYAOCAILIAO

彩搜网 GUDAIJIANZHUDUOSHUDOUSHIYIMUCAIZUOWEIJIANZHUDEZHUCAILIAO,SUOYICONGGUDAIJIANZHUYICHANZHONGKEYIKANCHU,GUDAIDEJIANZHUSHIYOUTAIJI、YUANLIANG、SHANQIANG、LANGBIDENGYAOSUGONGTONGGOUCHENGZAIJIEGOUSHANGRUANXINGLIANJIE,FUYOURENXING。GUDAIJIANZHUQIANGTISHIBUCHENGZHONGDE,KEYICHANGKAIYEKEYISHIMUQIANG,DAOCHUSHIGEERBUDUANDELIUDONGKONGJIAN。

2)PINGMIANTEZHENG

GUDAIJIANZHUYIBANDOUSHIYIDAMUZHUANGZUOWEIJIANZHUDEZHUTI,MUZHUANGDEFANWEISHIYIZHEIGEJIANZHUWUDEYOUDUODA,RANHOUZAISHEJIZENMEANFANG,JIANZHUWUDEDAXIAOSHIYIJIANDEDAXIAOHEJIANSHUDEDUOSHAOLAIDINGDE。ZHONGGUOGUDAIYIQISHUWEIJIXIANGSHU,YINCI,JIANZHUWUDEKAIJIANYIBANWEIDANSHU,ERQIEYIKAIJIANYUEDUOWEIDENGJIYUEGAO。

3)JIANZHUQUNTI

彩搜网 YITINGYUANHEYOUJIANXINGCHENGDE,CENGCENGJIANJIN,GUDAIJIANZHUSHIJIAOFENGFUYUHUAYANGDUOBIAN。ZAIQUNTISHANGJIANGJIUDIAN、XIAN、MIANDEHELIBUJU,QIANGDIAOYOUCENGCI、YOUZHUCI、YOUGUANGDU、YOUSHENDU、YOUBIANHUADESHENMEILINIAN。TEBIEJIANGJIUZHONGZHOUXIANDEQUELI,GUJIANZHUDEQUNTIBUJU,DADOUCAIYONGDUICHENGHEDUIBIDESHOUFA,ZHONGDIANJIANZHUZHIYUZHONGZHOUXIANSHANG,CIYAOJIANZHUZHIYULIANGCE,JITUCHUZHONGDIAN,YOUBAOCHIYANGEDEDUICHENGHEJUNHENG。

2、FANGGUJIANZHUSHEJIDEZHUYAOYAOQIU

RUJINDEFANGGUJIANZHUWUDADUOSHIYONGGANGJINHUNNINGTUJIEGOUERBUSHIMUJIEGOU,WEILESHIDEJIANZHUWUZAIZHUANGSHIZHIHOUDEWAIGUANXIAOGUONENGDADAOMOJIEGOUDECHENGDU,FANGGUJIANZHUWUZAIJIEGOUSHEJISHIYAOMANZUYIXIAJIGEYAOQIU:

彩搜网 1)MOSHUYAOQIUHEGOUJIANDINGXINGHUA

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彩搜网 2)WUMIANZAOXINGYAOQIU

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四、仿古建筑设计的主要方法

1、ZHENGTISHEJI

彩搜网 JIANZHUBUJUSHIFANGGUJIANZHUZHENGTISHEJIDEDIYIBU,YIBANLAISHUOKEYICAIQUZHOUXIANBUJUHEYUANLINBUJULIANGZHONGFANGSHI。

1)ZHOUXIANBUJUSHICANZHAOZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIANZHUDEBIAOZHUNSHEJIXINGSHI�D�DZHOUXIANDUICHENG,ZAIJIANZHUWUDEZHONGJIANYONGDAOLUHUOSHIJIANZHUXINGCHENGYITIAOZHONGZHOUXIAN,ZAIZHOUXIANZHOUWEIYICIBUZHIXIANGGUANJIANZHU。ZHEISHIFANGGUJIANZHUZHONGZUICHANGJIANDEYIZHONGBUJUXINGSHI,GUGONG、SHISANLING、TAIMIAODENGZHUDUOJIANZHUDOUSHICAIYONGLEZHEIYIBUJUXINGSHI,SHANGHAISHIBODEYIZHOUSIGUANYESHIJIEJIANLEZHEIZHONGSHEJILINIAN,ERXINYUANMINGYUAN、DAGUANYUAN、HENGDIANYINGSHICHENGDENGXIANDAIFANGGUJIANZHUQUDOUSHICAIYONGDEZHOUXIANBUJUSHEJI,YOUKEZHISHENQIZHONG,YOUHENQIANGDEFANGUGAN。

彩搜网 2)YUANLINBUJU。YUANLINBUJUSHIFANGGUJIANZHUZHONGLINGYIZHONGYAOSHEJIXINGSHI,ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIANZHUDUISHANSHUIYOUHENQIANGDEYILAIXING,YUANLINBUJUYOURAOSHANRAOSHUIHECHUANSHANCHUANSHUILIANGZHONG。RAOSHANRAOSHUISHIJIANGSHANSHUIZUOWEIJIANZHUBUJUSHEJIDEZHONGXIN,JIANZHUWUHUANRAOZAISHANSHUIDEZHOUWEI,ZHEIZHONGSHEJIDEDIANXINGBIANSHIYIHEYUAN,ZHEIZHONGSHEJIDEJINGMIAOZHICHUJIUZAIYUZHENGGEJIANZHUQUNYIKAOSHANHESHUIDEDAOYOUJILIANXI,YOURENZAIRENHEYIGEDIFANGDOUKEYITIAOWANGDAOJINGGUANDEZHONGXIN,NANCHONGZHUMINGDEBEIHUGONGYUANBIANSHICAIYONGLEZHEIZHONGFANGGUXINGSHI,JIANCHENGYILAIDEDAOLEHENHAODEKOUBEI。

2、XIBUSHEJI

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彩搜网 2)FANGGUJIANZHUCAILIAOSHEJI。ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIANZHUZHUYAOCAIYONGZHUANMUJIEGOU,ZHEISHIDEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIANZHUCUNZAIYIGEHENDADEWENTI,BIANSHINAIHUONAIFUNENGLICHA,SHIYONGNIANXIANBUZHANG,ANQUANYINHUANDA。YIFANGMIAN,XIANDAIMUCAIZIYUANJINZHANG,DAGUIMODISHIYONGMULIAOJIBUJINGJIYEBUHUANBAO,SUOYICAILIAODESHEJIYESHIFANGGUSHEJIZHONGYIGESHIFENZHONGYAODEYINSU。YIBANLAISHUO,KEYIYONGXIANJIAOHUNNINGTUZUOZHU,QIWAIBAOGUOMUGONGBAN,ZAIDAMOSHANGQI,ZHEIYANGJIMANZULEMUZHUDESHIJUEXIAOGUO,YOUJIEYUELEMUCAI,ZENGQIANGLEQIANGDU。ERDAXINGTASHI、DIANSHIFANGGUJIANZHUZEWANQUANKEYICAIYONGGANGJINHUNNINGTULAIXINGCHENGJIANZHUWUZHUTI,QIWAICAIYONGQINGSHUIHUNNINGTUGOUFENGHUOSHICAIYONGFANGGUZHUANTIEMIANLAISHIXIANGUSEGUXIANGDESHIJUEXIAOGUO。

彩搜网 LINGYIFANGMIAN,HAIKEYITONGGUOSHINEIXIJIELAIJIAQIANGFANGGUSHEJI,ZHEIZHUYAOSHIDUIPAIBIAN、TINGLANG、ZHONGSHIJIAJUDENGGUDAIYUANSUDEYUNYONG,ZAISHEJIZHONGKEYIANZHAOCHUANTONGJIANZHUZHONGTING、TANG、FANGDEGEJULAIBAIFANGSHENJUCHUANTONGYIWEIDEXIJIEJIAJUHEZHUANGSHI,ZHEIKEYIHENDACHENGDUSHANGTISHENGFANGGUJIANZHUDEXIJIEXIAOGUO。

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五、结语

彩搜网 ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZUOWEIXIANDAIJIANZHUYEZHONGZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,FANGGUJIANZHUYANYONGLECHUANTONGGUJIANZHUDEYANGSHI,CAIYONGXIANDAIXIANJINDESHEJI、SHIGONG、CAILIAOJISHU,SHIDEFANGGUJIANZHUJINENGZHANXIANCHUANTONGGUJIANZHUDEHONGWEIQISHI,JINGUANQIJIANZAONANDUBIJIAODA,DANSHIZHIYAOWOMENBUDUANZONGJIECHUANTONGJIANZHUSHEJIDEJINGYAN,BINGJIANGCHUANTONGWENHUAYUXIANDAIXIANJINJISHUDEWANMEIJIEHE,XIANGXINFANGGUJIANZHUZAIJIANZHULINGYUZHONGHUOSHIBIHUIDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG。

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联系人:刘总
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